This report describes the social business sector in Wales following a survey of almost half of the businesses operating in the sector. The research provides an update on previous research undertaken on the sector in 2014. The social business sector in Wales was mapped through the provision of contact lists from various organisations serving/supporting businesses operating in the sector. The survey took place between September and December 2016. A total of 810 organisations responded to the initial phase, representing 48% of the sector. Of these, 715 (88%) agreed to participate in the follow-up survey.